Das französische Parlament (französisch Parlement français) ist ein Zweikammerparlament in der französischen Hauptstadt Paris. Gemäß der Verfassung der. Das Schweizer Französisch ist ein Überbegriff der verschiedenen Dialekte der französischen Sprache sowie des geschriebenen und gesprochenen.  „Das Gespräch am Tisch wechselte plötzlich vom Französischen ins Malinke. .  Wikipedia-Artikel „französische Sprache“: [1–4] Wikipedia-Artikel. In der Eurokrise setzten sich Frankreich und Deutschland weitgehend für gemeinsame Positionen ein. Voranstellung einiger Adjektive vor Nomen: Unter den Kapetingern kristallisierten sich Paris und die Ile-de-France allmählich als politisches Zentrum Frankreichs heraus, wodurch der dortige Dialekt, das Franzischezur Hochsprache reifte. Bereits 15 Jahre später no deposit bonus silver oak casino 56 Reaktoren in Betrieb. Mastering the Art of French Cooking und ins Amerikanische übersetzt. Frankreich importierte per Saldo 8,7 Terawattstunden aus Deutschland. Im Jahre gelang es ihnen, in der Schlacht von Tours und Poitiers der von der iberischen Halbinsel ausgehenden Spiel in casino weiden Expansion Einhalt zu gebieten. Einen solchen Einfluss einer untergehenden Sprache auf die sich durchsetzende Sprache nennt man Substrat. Die Förderung eines kulturellen Profils der regionalen Zentren in der Ucc 1 103 deutsch wird verstetigt. Französische Republik, abgerufen am There is no evidence of a negative effect of French invasion. France formel 1 live stram a member of the Eurozone around million consumers which is part of the European Single Market more than million consumers. Frey and Marsha L. Even if the French have the reputation of being one of the thinnest people in developed countries,       France—like other rich countries—faces kostenlos pc spiele increasing and recent epidemic of obesitydue mostly to the replacement in French eating habits of traditional healthy French cuisine by junk food. French Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs. Studia linguistica in honorem Witoldi Manczak septuagenariiparship wie viele nachrichten kostenlos. France became the most populous country französisches wikipedia Europe and had tremendous influence over European politics, economy, and culture. Tipps für online casino of a series on. French literature and poetry flourished even more in the 18th and 19th centuries. Retrieved 5 Four kings casino ps4 tipps
Französisches wikipedia - will notDollar für seine Streitkräfte aus und lag damit weltweit auf Platz 6. Alpes-Maritimes , welche früher mit Italien assoziiert waren, dagegen nicht der Fall. An grammatischen Geschlechtern kennt das Französische zwei: Die gallorömische Bevölkerung im Norden Galliens kam mit germanischen Stämmen hauptsächlich durch Handelsbeziehungen in Kontakt, aber auch durch Söldnerdienste der Germanen in der römischen Armee. Das Land hat eine im weltweiten Vergleich hohe Motorisierungsrate. Frankreich blieb aber bis Anfang des
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|Bildungsstätte kreuzworträtsel||Danach wurde die Einwanderung stark eingeschränkt, Flüchtlinge etwa aus dem Spanischen Bürgerkrieg ausgewiesen oder interniert. Mehr als 40 Prozent der Franzosen über 15 Jahren sind eingeschriebene Bibliotheksgänger und französisches wikipedia gratis testen aktion 90 Prozent Bücher aus. Das Meisterschaftsendspiel findet jährlich im Stade de France statt. In schweiz polen fussball Eurokrise setzten sich Frankreich und Deutschland weitgehend für gemeinsame Positionen ein. So sind deutschsprachige Bezeichnungen im Elsass noch sehr weit verbreitet, nicht jedoch in Lothringen. Erst kurz vor der Französischen Revolution erhielten die Protestanten eine begrenzte Glaubensfreiheit zugestanden. Die Julirevolution von stürzte den despotisch regierenden Karl X.|
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|Französisches wikipedia||Auf Grund dessen veranlasste uefa u21 2019 — angeregt durch Alkuin französisches wikipedia die karolingische Bildungsreformwodurch Latein mit elf meter Ziel einer klassischen Aussprache erlernt wurde. Dezember um Innenpolitisch wurde die instabile Vierte Republik im Oktober durch die Fünfte Republik steam tower netent, die einen tipico para çekme, von der Legislative weitgehend unabhängigen Präsidenten vorsieht. In bestimmten grammatischen Gegebenheiten wird dies auch von der Rechtschreibung nachvollzogen und durch einen Apostroph gekennzeichnet. Die französische Automobilindustrie befindet sich Stand in einer schwierigen Lage. Um die Wortstämme wurden von den Franken übernommen z. Gerade in den südlichen und südwestlichen Regionen ist Rugby tatsächlich der weitaus beliebteste Sport. Durch den Aufstieg des englischsprachigen Vereinigten Königreichs im Das Parlament hat nicht die Befugnis, den Staatspräsidenten politisch herauszufordern.|
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Some proposals exist to simplify the existing writing system, but they still fail to gather interest. In , a reform accepted some changes to French orthography.
At the time the proposed changes were considered to be suggestions. In , schoolbooks in France began to use the newer recommended spellings, with instruction to teachers that both old and new spellings be deemed correct.
French is a moderately inflected language. Nouns and most pronouns are inflected for number singular or plural, though in most nouns the plural is pronounced the same as the singular even if spelled differently ; adjectives , for number and gender masculine or feminine of their nouns; personal pronouns and a few other pronouns, for person , number, gender, and case ; and verbs , for tense , aspect , mood , and the person and number of their subjects.
Case is primarily marked using word order and prepositions , while certain verb features are marked using auxiliary verbs.
According to the French lexicogrammatical system, French has a rank-scale hierarchy with clause as the top rank, which is followed by group rank, word rank, and morpheme rank.
A French clause is made up of groups, groups are made up of words, and lastly, words are made up of morphemes. Every French noun is either masculine or feminine.
For nouns regarding the living, their grammatical genders often correspond to that which they refer to. For example, a male teacher is a "enseignant" while a female teacher is a "enseignante.
So a group of two male teachers would be "enseignants. The article used for singular nouns is different from that used for plural nouns and the article provides a distinguishing factor between the two in speech.
For example, the singular "le professeur" or "la professeur e " the male or female teacher, professor can be distinguished from the plural "les professeurs" because "le," "la," and "les" are all pronounced differently.
There are some situations where both the feminine and masculine form of a noun are the same and the article provides the only difference.
For example, "le dentiste" refers to a male dentist while "la dentiste" refers to a female dentist. The French language consists of both finite and non-finite moods.
The indicative mood makes use of eight different tense-aspect forms. Some forms are less commonly used today. The subjunctive mood only includes four of the tense-aspect forms found in the indicative: The imperative is used in the present tense with the exception of a few instances where it is used in the perfect tense.
French uses both the active voice and the passive voice. French declarative word order is subject—verb—object although a pronoun object precedes the verb.
Specifically, the first translates into "Do you speak French? In many cases a single etymological root appears in French in a "popular" or native form, inherited from Vulgar Latin, and a learned form, borrowed later from Classical Latin.
The following pairs consist of a native noun and a learned adjective:. However, a historical tendency to gallicise Latin roots can be identified, whereas English conversely leans towards a more direct incorporation of the Latin:.
It can be difficult to identify the Latin source of native French words, because in the evolution from Vulgar Latin , unstressed syllables were severely reduced and the remaining vowels and consonants underwent significant modifications.
More recently the linguistic policy of the French language academies of France and Quebec has been to provide French equivalents to mainly English imported words, either by using existing vocabulary, extending its meaning or deriving a new word according to French morphological rules.
The result is often two or more co-existing terms for describing the same phenomenon. Root languages of loanwords .
One study analyzing the degree of differentiation of Romance languages in comparison to Latin estimated that among the languages analyzed French has the greatest distance from Latin.
The French counting system is partially vigesimal: The French word for 80 is quatre-vingts , literally "four twenties", and the word for 75 is soixante-quinze , literally "sixty-fifteen".
This reform arose after the French Revolution to unify the different counting systems mostly vigesimal near the coast, because of Celtic via Breton and Viking influences.
This system is comparable to the archaic English use of score , as in "fourscore and seven" 87 , or "threescore and ten" In Old French during the Middle Ages , all numbers from 30 to 99 could be said in either base 10 or base 20, e.
In the French spoken in these places, 70 and 90 are septante and nonante. Octante had been used in Switzerland in the past, but is now considered archaic,  while in the Aosta Valley 80 is huitante.
French, like most European languages, uses a space to separate thousands. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. It is not to be confused with Francophonie.
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Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Old French Middle French. Regions where French is the main language.
Regions where it is an official language but not a majority native language. Regions where it is a second language. Regions where it is a minority language.
Geographical distribution of French speakers. Countries usually considered part of Francophone Africa. Their population was million in ,  and it is forecast to reach between million  and million  in Countries sometimes considered as Francophone Africa.
French language in Lebanon. Dialects of the French language. French alphabet and French braille. French orthography and Reforms of French orthography.
Persian and Sanskrit 2. Native American languages 2. Various Asian languages 2. Slavic and Baltic languages 1. French language and French-speaking world portal.
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Retrieved 13 June Archived from the original on 29 March Policies for Managing Cultural Diversity". The Oxford Handbook of Multicultural Identity.
Oxford Library of Psychology. It is important to note, however, that not all countries have an official language. Until , France had discouraged the use of regional languages In , the government ratified Article from original source pdf 4.
Archived from the original pdf 0. Retrieved 5 May Retrieved 10 September Archived from the original PDF on 17 June Retrieved 14 June Retrieved May 19, One example of a variety of African French that is difficult to understand for European French speakers.
Retrieved February 22, Archived from the original PDF on 5 February Retrieved 18 February Status and Function of Languages and Language Varieties.
Retrieved 14 November In both Cambodia and Laos, French remains the official second language of government. Retrieved 17 January Archived from the original PDF on 20 January Retrieved 3 October Retrieved 30 January Ellipses Edition Marketing S.
The Celtic Languages in Contact: Studia linguistica in honorem Witoldi Manczak septuagenarii , eds. Acco, , Modeling the Historical Change from Latin to French".
Charles de Bovelles, — Retrieved 11 April The French Language Today: French — a Language in Decline.
Retrieved on May 18, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Development. What is a foreign language worth? Retrieved 9 December Changes in French spelling cause uproar".
John Benjamins Publishing Company. Languages of the World, Fifteenth edition. Musumeci, Quart , See also the English Wikipedia article on Welsh language , especially the section "Counting system" and its note on the influence of Celtic in the French counting system.
Archived from the original on 1 January Retrieved 15 November France is also second most populous country in the European Union after Germany.
France is an outlier among developed countries in general, and European countries in particular, in having a fairly high rate of natural population growth: This was the highest rate since the end of the baby boom in , and coincides with the rise of the total fertility rate from a nadir of 1.
As of January [update] the fertility rate was 1. Large-scale immigration over the last century and a half has led to a more multicultural society.
A law originating from the revolution and reaffirmed in the French Constitution makes it illegal for the French state to collect data on ethnicity and ancestry.
There are also sizeable minorities of other European ethnic groups , namely Spanish , Portuguese , Polish , and Greek.
France has a significant Gypsy Gitan population, numbering between 20, and , France remains a major destination for immigrants, accepting about , legal immigrants annually.
According to the French Institute, this increase resulting from the financial crisis that hit several European countries in that period, has pushed up the number of Europeans installed in France.
France is a highly urbanized country, with its largest cities in terms of metropolitan area population in  being Paris 12,, inh. There are significant differences between the metropolitan population figures just cited and those in the following table, which only include the core population.
Rural flight was a perennial political issue throughout most of the 20th century. According to Article 2 of the Constitution, the official language of France is French,  a Romance language derived from Latin.
The French government does not regulate the choice of language in publications by individuals but the use of French is required by law in commercial and workplace communications.
In addition to mandating the use of French in the territory of the Republic, the French government tries to promote French in the European Union and globally through institutions such as La Francophonie.
The perceived threat from anglicisation has prompted efforts to safeguard the position of the French language in France.
Besides French, there exist 77 vernacular minority languages of France, eight spoken in French metropolitan territory and 69 in the French overseas territories.
From the 17th to the midth century, French served as the pre-eminent international language of diplomacy and international affairs as well as a lingua franca among the educated classes of Europe.
For most of the time in which French served as an international lingua franca, it was not the native language of most Frenchmen: French is the second most studied foreign language in the world after English,  and is a lingua franca in some regions, notably in Africa.
The legacy of French as a living language outside Europe is mixed: On the other hand, many former French colonies have adopted French as an official language, and the total number of French speakers is increasing, especially in Africa.
It is estimated that between million  and million  people worldwide can speak French, either as a mother tongue or a second language.
According to the Adult Education survey, part of a project by the European Union and carried in France by the Insee and based on a sample of 15, persons, French was the first mother tongue of People who had other languages as their mother tongue made up the 5.
Religion in France . France is a secular country, and freedom of religion is a constitutional right. Catholicism has been the predominant religion in France for more than a millennium, though it is not as actively practised today as it was.
In some cases clergy and churches were attacked, with iconoclasm stripping the churches of statues and ornament. It recognises religious organisations according to formal legal criteria that do not address religious doctrine.
Conversely, religious organisations are expected to refrain from intervening in policy-making. Secte is considered a pejorative term in France.
The French health care system is one of universal health care largely financed by government national health insurance. In its assessment of world health care systems, the World Health Organization found that France provided the "close to best overall health care" in the world.
Average life expectancy at birth is 78 years for men and 85 years for women, one of the highest of the European Union and the World.
Even if the French have the reputation of being one of the thinnest people in developed countries,       France—like other rich countries—faces an increasing and recent epidemic of obesity , due mostly to the replacement in French eating habits of traditional healthy French cuisine by junk food.
Rates of childhood obesity are slowing in France, while continuing to grow in other countries. Nowadays, the schooling system in France is centralised, and is composed of three stages, primary education, secondary education, and higher education.
In France, education is compulsory from six to sixteen years old, and the public school is secular and free. While training and remuneration of teachers and the curriculum are the responsibility of the state centrally, the management of primary and secondary schools is overseen by local authorities.
Nursery school aims to stimulate the minds of very young children and promote their socialisation and development of a basic grasp of language and number.
Around the age of six, children transfer to elementary school, whose primary objectives are learning about writing, arithmetic and citizenship.
Secondary education also consists of two phases. France has been a centre of Western cultural development for centuries. Many French artists have been among the most renowned of their time, and France is still recognised in the world for its rich cultural tradition.
The successive political regimes have always promoted artistic creation, and the creation of the Ministry of Culture in helped preserve the cultural heritage of the country and make it available to the public.
The Ministry of Culture has been very active since its creation, granting subsidies to artists, promoting French culture in the world, supporting festivals and cultural events, protecting historical monuments.
The French government also succeeded in maintaining a cultural exception to defend audiovisual products made in the country. France receives the highest number of tourists per year, largely thanks to the numerous cultural establishments and historical buildings implanted all over the territory.
The 43, buildings protected as historical monuments include mainly residences many castles and religious buildings cathedrals , basilicas , churches , but also statutes, memorials and gardens.
The origins of French art were very much influenced by Flemish art and by Italian art at the time of the Renaissance.
Jean Fouquet , the most famous medieval French painter, is said to have been the first to travel to Italy and experience the Early Renaissance at first hand.
The Renaissance painting School of Fontainebleau was directly inspired by Italian painters such as Primaticcio and Rosso Fiorentino , who both worked in France.
The 17th century was the period when French painting became prominent and individualised itself through classicism.
Many museums in France are entirely or partly devoted to sculptures and painting works. During the Middle Ages, many fortified castles were built by feudal nobles to mark their powers.
During this era, France had been using Romanesque architecture like most of Western Europe. Some of the greatest examples of Romanesque churches in France are the Saint Sernin Basilica in Toulouse , the largest romanesque church in Europe,  and the remains of the Cluniac Abbey.
The kings were crowned in another important Gothic church: Following the renaissance and the end of the Middle Ages, Baroque architecture replaced the traditional Gothic style.
However, in France, baroque architecture found a greater success in the secular domain than in a religious one. Jules Hardouin Mansart , who designed the extensions to Versailles, was one of the most influential French architect of the baroque era; he is famous for his dome at Les Invalides.
On the military architectural side, Vauban designed some of the most efficient fortresses in Europe and became an influential military architect; as a result, imitations of his works can be found all over Europe, the Americas, Russia and Turkey.
After the Revolution, the Republicans favoured Neoclassicism although neoclassicism was introduced in France prior to the revolution with such building as the Parisian Pantheon or the Capitole de Toulouse.
Under Napoleon III , a new wave of urbanism and architecture was given birth; extravagant buildings such as the neo-baroque Palais Garnier were built.
The architecture associated to this era is named Second Empire in English, the term being taken from the Second French Empire.
In the late 19th century, Gustave Eiffel designed many bridges, such as Garabit viaduct , and remains one of the most influential bridge designers of his time, although he is best remembered for the iconic Eiffel Tower.
More recently, French architects have combined both modern and old architectural styles. The Louvre Pyramid is an example of modern architecture added to an older building.
The most difficult buildings to integrate within French cities are skyscrapers, as they are visible from afar.
For instance, in Paris, since , new buildings had to be under 37 meters feet. The earliest French literature dates from the Middle Ages , when what is now known as modern France did not have a single, uniform language.
There were several languages and dialects and writers used their own spelling and grammar. Much medieval French poetry and literature were inspired by the legends of the Matter of France , such as The Song of Roland and the various chansons de geste.
Michel de Montaigne was the other major figure of the French literature during that century. His most famous work, Essais , created the literary genre of the essay.
Generations of French pupils had to learn his fables, that were seen as helping teaching wisdom and common sense to the young people.
French literature and poetry flourished even more in the 18th and 19th centuries. The 19th century saw the writings of many renowned French authors.
Victor Hugo is sometimes seen as "the greatest French writer of all times"  for excelling in all literary genres.
The preface of his play Cromwell is considered to be the manifesto of the Romantic movement. The Prix Goncourt is a French literary prize first awarded in Medieval philosophy was dominated by Scholasticism until the emergence of Humanism in the Renaissance.
Descartes revitalised Western philosophy , which had been declined after the Greek and Roman eras. French philosophers produced some of the most important political works of the Age of Enlightenment.
In The Spirit of the Laws , Baron de Montesquieu theorised the principle of separation of powers , which has been implemented in all liberal democracies since it was first applied in the United States.
Voltaire came to embody the Enlightenment with his defence of civil liberties, such as the right to a free trial and freedom of religion.
France has a long and varied musical history. It experienced a golden age in the 17th century thanks to Louis XIV, who employed a number of talented musicians and composers in the royal court.
After the death of the "Roi Soleil", French musical creation lost dynamism, but in the next century the music of Jean-Philippe Rameau reached some prestige, and today he is still one of the most renowned French composers.
Rameau became the dominant composer of French opera and the leading French composer for the harpsichord. French composers played an important role during the music of the 19th and early 20th century, which is considered to be the Romantic music era.
Romantic music emphasised a surrender to nature, a fascination with the past and the supernatural, the exploration of unusual, strange and surprising sounds, and a focus on national identity.
This period was also a golden age for operas. French composers from the Romantic era included: Later came precursors of modern classical music.
Maurice Ravel and Claude Debussy are the most prominent figures associated with Impressionist music. Debussy was among the most influential composers of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and his use of non-traditional scales and chromaticism influenced many composers who followed.
The two composers invented new musical forms     and new sounds. More recently, the middle of the 20th century, Maurice Ohana , Pierre Schaeffer and Pierre Boulez contributed to the evolutions of contemporary classical music.
French music then followed the rapid emergence of pop and rock music at the middle of the 20th century.
In the s and s decade , electronic duos Daft Punk , Justice and Air also reached worldwide popularity and contributed to the reputation of modern electronic music in the world.
Among current musical events and institutions in France, many are dedicated to classical music and operas.
It is noted for having a strong film industry, due in part to protections afforded by the French government. France remains a leader in filmmaking, as of [update] producing more films than any other European country.
Apart from its strong and innovative film tradition, France has also been a gathering spot for artists from across Europe and the world.
For this reason, French cinema is sometimes intertwined with the cinema of foreign nations. Conversely, French directors have had prolific and influential careers in other countries, such as Luc Besson , Jacques Tourneur , or Francis Veber in the United States.
Until recently, France had for centuries been the cultural center of the world,  although its dominant position has been surpassed by the United States.
Subsequently, France takes steps in protecting and promoting its culture, becoming a leading advocate of the cultural exception.
S and Israel, voted against it. Fashion has been an important industry and cultural export of France since the 17th century, and modern "haute couture" originated in Paris in the s.
The expression Haute couture is, in France, a legally protected name, guaranteeing certain quality standards. The association of France with fashion and style French: But France renewed its dominance of the high fashion French: The French perfume industry is world leader in its sector and is centered on the town of Grasse.
The s saw a conglomeration of many French couture houses under luxury giants and multinationals such as LVMH. Like in most industrialised nations, the print media have been affected by a severe crisis in the past decade.
In , the government launched a major initiative to help the sector reform and become financially independent,   but in it had to give , euros to help the print media cope with the economic crisis , in addition to existing subsidies.
In , after years of centralised monopoly on radio and television, the governmental agency ORTF was split into several national institutions, but the three already-existing TV channels and four national radio stations   remained under state-control.
It was only in that the government allowed free broadcasting in the territory, ending state monopoly on radio. In , the government created global news channel France According to a poll in , the French were found to have the highest level of religious tolerance and to be the country where the highest proportion of the population defines its identity primarily in term of nationality and not religion.
In addition, Bastille Day , the national holiday, commemorates the storming of the Bastille on 14 July A common and traditional symbol of the French people is the Gallic rooster.
Its origins date back to Antiquity, since the Latin word Gallus meant both " rooster " and "inhabitant of Gaul". Then this figure gradually became the most widely shared representation of the French, used by French monarchs, then by the Revolution and under the successive republican regimes as representation of the national identity, used for some stamps and coins.
French cuisine is renowned for being one of the finest in the world. There are more than different varieties. The plat principal could include a pot au feu or steak frites.
French cuisine is also regarded as a key element of the quality of life and the attractiveness of France. By , the Michelin Guide had awarded stars to French restaurants, at that time more than any other country, although the guide also inspects more restaurants in France than in any other country by , Japan was awarded as many Michelin stars as France, despite having half the number of Michelin inspectors working there.
In addition to its wine tradition, France is also a major producer of beer and rum. Since , France hosts the annual Tour de France , the most famous road bicycle race in the world.
French martial arts include Savate and Fencing. Football is the most popular sport in France, with over 1,, registered players, and over 18, registered clubs.
The top national football club competition is Ligue 1. It is the premier clay court tennis championship event in the world and the second of four annual Grand Slam tournaments.
Rugby union is popular, particularly in Paris and the southwest of France. Stemming from a strong domestic league , the French rugby team has won 16 Six Nations Championships, including 8 grand slams ; and has reached the semi-final of the Rugby World Cup 6 times, going on to the final 3 times.
Rugby league in France is mostly played and followed in the South of France, in cities such as Perpignan and Toulouse. The Elite One Championship is the professional competition for rugby league clubs in France.
In recent decades, France has produced world-elite basketball players, most notably Tony Parker. The national team has won two Olympic Silver Medals: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Republic with mainland in Europe and numerous oversea territories. Great Seal of France. Show map of Europe. Source gives area of metropolitan France as , km2 , sq mi and lists overseas regions separately, whose areas sum to 89, km 2 34, sq mi.
Adding these give the total shown here for the entire French Republic. The CIA reports the total as , km2 , sq mi. Gaul , Celts , and Roman Gaul.
Francia , Merovingian dynasty , and Carolingian dynasty. List of French monarchs and France in the Middle Ages. Kingdom of France , Capetian dynasty , Valois dynasty , and Bourbon dynasty.
France in the 19th century and France in the 20th century. France in the twentieth century. Administrative divisions of France. Centre- Val de Loire.
Pays de la Loire. Foreign relations of France. Bastille Day in Paris. List of French inventions and discoveries. Demographics of France and French people.
Largest cities or towns in France census. Urban area France and Urban unit. French language , Languages of France , and Organisation internationale de la Francophonie.
France portal French language and French-speaking world portal. The overseas territories are not part of the French telephone numbering plan; their country calling codes are: All five are considered integral parts of the French Republic.
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The French Ministry of Foreign affairs. Archived from the original on 8 September Archived from the original on 23 January Le Figaro in French. Le Monde in French.
Archived from the original on 25 February Retrieved 3 March Retrieved 27 May Its History and How it Affects the U.
Archived from the original on 20 September Archived from the original on 18 February Retrieved 6 January Archived from the original on 11 March Retrieved 10 January Low French borrowing costs risk negative reappraisal".
Retrieved 27 November Archived from the original on 15 November Archived from the original on 2 December Archived from the original PDF on 5 June Retrieved 14 July World Investment Report Archived PDF from the original on 4 July Retrieved 7 October Archived from the original on 9 October Retrieved 18 March Archived from the original on 4 January French Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs.
Archived from the original on 14 January The country ranks fourth in services and third in agriculture especially in cereals and the agri-food sector.
It is the leading producer and exporter of farm products in Europe. Archived PDF from the original on 21 September Archived from the original PDF on 30 April Panorama des Industries Agroalimentaires.
Archived from the original on 29 December Retrieved 20 July Archived from the original on 24 December Archived from the original PDF on 2 June Archived from the original PDF on 4 July The Loire Valley, an intoxicating destination for visitors".
Archived from the original on 10 March Retrieved 8 January International Atomic Energy Agency. Archived from the original PDF on 1 June Archived from the original on 6 October Retrieved 22 October The Journal of Commerce Online.
La Provence in French. Archived from the original on 24 February Retrieved 14 November Retrieved 25 November Federation Of American Scientists.
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